In the reign of Jahangir, the entire country had a peaceful environment, and the royal court was full of flamboyant. As an outcome, earlier artists of the royal court who loved to paint the scene of battle changed the subject and were passionate to demonstrate the luster as well as the flamboyance of the royal court. In the earlier miniature paintings, vibrating gorgeous colors turned into soberness, which formed a pleasant mood.
The best Mughal miniature painting among the animal category was a bird. It's worth appreciating the artist who made this beautiful portrait of a bird with great color, composition, and undoubtable accuracy. As far as I know, it was by the artist named Mansur.
Emperor Jahangir estimated himself as a highly fascinated art critique. Of course, there was a legitimate reason behind such estimation. Based on the historic description, sometimes, Jahangir ordered several artists to compose a painting by splitting it up into several parts. Some funny matters related to such order, we could find in his autobiography.
At this time, we can find some great paintings that could reach up to the standard of European miniature artists. It indeed meets the standard of the painting of Bihzad. It's awestruck to look at the attentiveness in the detailing of the painting, impeccable finishing, intelligence of a successful presentation, which are now just unmatchable.
There is a distinctive factor in the Mughal miniature painting, among other Indian styles and forms, which vindicate that the origin of the Mughal miniature is not in India. The specialty of the Mughal miniature is the use of calligraphy around the border of the miniature that raises a unique value of Mughal miniature art. What's the unique point of it?
Nevertheless, we could not leave out in the cold a specialty that came with the conquest of southern India of Aurangzeb which performed as ‘Deccan style’, entered in the Mughal painting. It was a successful regional inclusion in the Mughal miniature painting that made it precious.
In the reign of Shah Jahan, the grandeur of Mughal painting reached to the highest level. The offering of former emperors like Humayun, Akbar, and Jahangir make it possible to get such a called which as a successor, Shah Jahan nourished with his dexterity.
Granting introduction of the illustrated artworks of Tutinama(1); there was a radical change occurred even in the illustration of Hamzanama. Attributing to the emotional scene in the painting, the artist created an absolute tension in all aspects that never happened before in the Indian painting. In such a way Hamzanama created a new tradition in Indian art that we never found in the earlier manuscript art or elsewhere. In the Hamzanama, the Mughal miniature painting went far beyond the Persian
After the Iranian Kalam; Indian traditional art flowed to the Mughal paintings respectively which gained more liberties, and self-confidence. The interfusion among the native Rajput style and persian style got a new form that scholars recognized as Mughal Miniature. It had absolutely a separate character which later recognized as Indian 'Gharana'.
In the history of the Indian painting, the era of the Mughal Kingdom was one of the most important times when Indian traditional art got prospered with the exotic Persian art and culture. Interlacing the Persian art with Indian tradition, it also got a freshness and polished form. From this time, the Indian miniature reached the highest label of aesthetic value considered later as the icon of India.