The doctrine of Indian Sculpture. Part - 2

Art that born to meet the latent starves of beauty. The flower always attracts to a bee and it jumps over the flower to grab the honey, similarly, art decidedly attract the human mind and we enjoy the artistry. In our beautiful world, we are always starving to take the flavor of this short lifespan in a creative way, which is more pleasurable. Actually, we are not creating anything new; rather we just reform the beauty that already created by the all-time greatest artist, God. Such creativity born by the sensation. Our surrounded nature is the primary laboratory of the experiment of artistry and from the primitive era, we have been taking the advantage of this greatest laboratory produced by nature. It teaches us everything about the form, proportion, luminance, emotional expression, color concept; moreover, it inspires to create something with the elements that sprayed over nature.  

Meditation. Statue of Lord Buddha. Resource - http://www.sharmamoortiart.com/

Ancient Indian sages noticed that there is nothing the presence of the straight line in our nature. All are created with various rhythmic lines that perform a harmonious balance in our universe.  This rhythmic consistency inspires our creative spirit to involve with it deeply, we motivated to create something, and it flows in several streams such as painting, music, literature, acting, song and more. Actually what we are doing? We are saluting such splendid creation of God in several ways. Therefore, to become a creative person, you need to be maintaining the purity of your soul and honesty, since you are going to dedicate yourself to the God within your creativity. 


 By following the above ancient concept, I am now going to discuss the next step of my previous chapter of Indian sculpture.   


There is some gestures or poses of the standing (upright position or something like that) human, included in the scripture of Indian sculpture.  

Lord Narayan in upright standing position. resource - http://www.flysfo.com/




First – “SamaBhanga”. Meaning – equal curvature. A gesture of an upright standing position that bearing the sense of gravity or seriousness, however, you will definitely feel a peacefulness and a touch of joy in your inner heart by seating under such statue of Lord. Such position described with the metaphor of open blue sky. Somewhere, I found a statue of Jesus, standing uprightly in the clouds by scattered hands on his both sides, which make me tear of joy and love. In India, most of the statues of Lord Narayana made with this pose that bearing the feeling of peacefulness.  

Example of Avanga. Resource - https://www.pinterest.com/pin/444308319466479021/




Second – Avanga. Meaning – One curvature of the leg. A gesture of standing position by controlling the body weight on one leg and leave another for relaxation. It is bearing the sense of compassion for the devotee of God. It described with the metaphor of the waterfall.  It’s a very pleasant mood of a statue that sprinkles over every human heart. 


Third – Treethum. Meaning – A standing position with three curvatures of the body. The head of such statue bend on a side and the waist bend opposite side of the head. 

Example of Treethum. Resource - http://www.giftshandicraftsindia.com




The weight of the whole body place in one straight leg and another bend leg take place in just opposite side of the waist. It bears a gracefulness, levity, and funny attitude. Most of the female figures made with this curvature since it’s looking very appropriate and pretty for female figures.  It comes with the metaphor of creepers.


There was another concept of body curvature instead of above three, however, it was not so popular since the curvature only used to express the brutality. It was just the extended form of “treethum” acknowledged as the name – Ativanga.  

In the absence mind of individuals, there is a little world of form and in that world of form, art, poem, song, music, are born and absorb by our fastest lifespan intentionally or unintentionally every moment. A very few of those who able to store the wave of those insignificant creations and represent later significantly in a physical form, we acknowledge them as an artist. 

What is the behind in such significance in art? Any creation cannot be successful without the deep observation. Although there is a difference between the western and oriental teaching of observation, but the basic point and the coveted destination are same. In the orientalism, observation depends on the artistic sense and vision instead of materialistic observation. Therefore, it has given a separate significance that related not only to the surrounded nature but also to the emotional sense, ethical values that related to the tradition, mythology, and spiritualism. So, it reflects the structure of Indian civilization that influenced by the staid points.  

In the next part, I’ll be discussing the metaphorical conceptions of the each part of human body that successfully applied in Indian sculpture. 



All the contains of this website are subject to the intellectual property copyright act. If you want to reuse any contain such as article or image, please contact the artist for permission.

Last updated on - 07.12.2023